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After having learnt the basic
vocabulary and the basic grammar structures a huge step towards performance
can be taken by learning some of the main functions of the English language.
What does "functions" mean in this context?
"Functions" are phrases or clusters of words that are appropriate to a specific situation if used correctly. They vary according to
1. your purpose for example "asking the way", "asking for help", "agreeing and disagreeing" etc.Some linguists say, that functions only express the intention or purpose of a speech act, others think that your social role, the setting, the topic or even the mood you are in are criteria for choosing the right function to express yourself effectively.
2. your role as "student or teacher", "father/mother or daughter/son", "employer or employee",
"friend to friend" etc.
3. the setting / place i.e. "at school", "at home", "at a party", "at a public meeting",
"queuing at the bus-stop" etc.
4. topics like "pollution", "means of transportation", "friendship and love", "life in a community", "politics"
5. feelings of being happy, afraid, worried, annoyed, disappointed, infuriated, shocked etc.
6. pastime or socializing like "talking about weather"
So you don't have to translate
an utterance word by word to get such a meaningless sentence like "**Equal
goes it loose."
You must learn some functions like "It's going to start in a minute" or "We are ready to go." or "Off we go."
and when to use them in order to improve your English a lot.
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