Grammar: "irregular verbs" on the web-site for teachers and learners of English as a secondary language from a German point of view
<Click here and you will always get back to the table of contents>
Table of Contents
"irregular verbs" HOMEback to the homepagePAGE back to the previous page back to
Grammar: 
Analysis grid
go on to 
Use of "to do"
on to the next page

The so-called " irregular verbs" aren't as " irregular" as they seem to be. In linguistic history they originally belonged to different conjugations which died when the language developped. The following lists show regularities which are not always linguistically based, some are only didactically put together because they are similar in form.
 


"irregular" verbs

Donkey verbs

  Infinitive Past tense Past participle  
  to begin began begun  
  to drink  drank drunk  
  to ring rang rung  
  to shrink shrank shrunk  
  to sing sang sung  
  to sink sank sunk  
  to spin span spun  
  to swim swam swum  

Chicken verbs

  to bet bet bet  
  to cost cost cost  
  to cut cut cut  
  to hit hit hit  
  to hurt hurt hurt  
  to let let let  
  to put put put  
  to set set set  
  to shut shut shut  
  to split split split  
  to spread spread spread  

naught  + nought

  to bring brought brought  
  to buy bought bought  
  to catch caught caught  
  to fight fought fought  
  to seek sought sought  
  to teach taught taught  
  to think thought thought  

....-t, ..-t verbs

  to bend bent bent  
  to build built built  
  to burn burnt burnt  
  to deal dealt dealt  
  to dream  dreamt dreamt  
  to feel felt felt  
  to keep kept kept  
  to learn learnt learnt  
  to lean leant leant  
  to leave left left  
  to lend lent lent  
  to mean meant meant  
  to meet met met  
  to send sent sent  
  to shoot shot shot  
  to sit sat sat  
  to sleep slept slept  
  to smell smelt smelt  
  to spell spelt spelt  
  to spend spent spent  

..-d,..-d verbs

  to bleed bled bled  
  to feed fed fed  
  to find found found  
  to have had had  
  to hear heard heard  
  to hold held held  
  to lay  laid laid  
  to lead led led  
  to pay paid paid  
  to read read read  
  to rewind rewound rewound  
  to say said said  
  to sell sold sold  
  to stand stood stood  
  to tell told told  
  to understand understood understood  

1-2-1 verbs

  to become became become  
  to come came come  
  to run ran run  

1-2-2 verbs

  to dig dug dug  
to get got got  
  to hang hung hung  
  to lose lost lost  
  to make made made  
  to shine shone shone  
  to win won won  

....-en verbs

  to bite bit bitten  
  to break broke broken  
  to choose chose chosen  
  to drive drove driven  
  to eat  ate eaten  
  to fall fell fallen  
  to forget forgot forgotten  
  to freeze froze frozen  
  to give gave given  
  to hide hid hidden  
  to rewrite rewrote rewritten  
  to ride rode ridden  
  to rise rose risen  
  to shake shook shaken  
  to speak spoke spoken  
  to steal stole stolen  
  to take took taken  
  to wake woke woken  
  to write wrote written  

w, ...-n

  to blow blew blown  
  to draw drew drawn  
  to fly  flew flown  
  to grow grew grown  
  to know knew known  
  to lie lay lain  
  to see saw seen  
  to show showed shown  
  to swear swore sworn  
  to throw threw thrown  
  to wear wore worn  

really irregular verbs

  to be was been  
  to do did done  
  to go went gone  

 
 


<Click here and you will always get back to the table of contents>
Table of Contents
"irregular verbs" HOMEback to the homepagePAGE back to the previous page back to
Grammar: 
Analysis grid
go on to 
Use of "to do"
on to the next page